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Calendar | Annual Festivals | Nom, Ekadashi, Punam
Ekadashi is a sacred day, occuring twice a month in the Hindu calendar - on the eleventh day of the bright half - called Shukla Paksha and on the eleventh of the dark half called Vad Paksha (Padma Puran, Uttar Khand 36/5/80). A fast is to be observed on this day by all Hindus.

Story of Ekadashi
In Vachanamrut Gadhada II. 8. Bhagwan Swaminarayan has related the story of Ekadashi:
"Once Bhagwan Narayan was resting. A demon named Murdanav came and challenged Him to a duel. Suddenly a damsel appeared, evolved out of the Ekadash indriyas of God. [The ten indriyas (sense organs) comprise the five karma indriyas (mouth, hands, feet, anus and genital organs) and five gnan indriyas (eyes, ears, nose, skin and tongue). The ten indriyas along with the mind are collectively known as Ekadash indriyas.] Murdanav was so attracted to this damsel that he asked her to marry him. The damsel agreed, but only if he agreed to a duel with her, "Whoever shall defeat me shall marry me." Blinded by passion, he fought with her. The damsel killed him. Pleased with her, God granted her a boon. She asked, "O Prabhu! As I have manifested from your Ekadash indriyas, let my name be Ekadashi. I am wedded to tap (austerity) and I desire that people should observe the Ekadashi vrat (fast) and control their Ekadash indriyas on this day. Bhagwan Narayan agreed."
Ever since, Hindus fast on the eleventh day of sud (shukla) paksha and vad paksha of the month.

Ideal Ekadashi
In Vachanamrut Gadhada I, 38, Bhagwan Swaminarayan has elaborated that a true Ekadashi is when one withdraws the ten indriyas and eleventh - the mind, from their worldly 'foods' and focuses them on God and devotional activities. So moderation in daily leisure activities is desirable.

Ekadashi Observance
During Ekadashi, a waterless fast is ideal. However those unable to fast may take liquids, or if needed farari foods. Such fasting a Hindu tradition to please God, by controlling and curbing one's desires. Fasting once a fortnight eliminates the body's toxins and wastes. In turn this clears the mental apparatus, enhancing mental clarity and meditation. A clogged system leads to mood swings, malaise, laziness, lethargy and unhealthful oversleeping. Medical researchers do advocate fasting, on an average of once a week. Novices to fasting may initially experience headaches or/and nausea. These tend to clear up with regular fasting.
Farari foods include tubers (potatoes, sweet potatoes, cassava, carrots, turnips, suran - (a type of yam), dairy products, fruits, nuts, some vegetables (cabbage, cauliflower, tomatoes) and special type of grains (moraio, rajgaro). One can use all spices to prepare the farari foods i.e. salt, chilly powder, black pepper, turmeric, etc.

Nom, Ekadashi and Punam List, 2009 Vikram Samvat 2065-66
January 5 Posh Sud 9 Nom
January 7 Posh Sud 11 Putrada Ekadashi (Fast)
January 11 Posh Sud 15 Poshi Purnima Gunatit Diksha Din
January 21 Posh Vad 11 Shattila Ekadashi Fast
February 4 Maha Sud 9 Nom
February 6 Maha Sud Jaya Ekadashi (Fast)
February 9 Maha Sud 15 Punam Maghi Purnima
February 20 Maha Vad 11 Vijaya Ekadashi (Fast)
March 5 Fagan Sud 9 Nom
March 7 Fagan Sud 11 Amalki Ekadashi (Fast)
March 11 Fagan Sud 15 Pragjibhakt Jayanti
March 22 Fagan Vad 11 Papmochani Ekadashi (Fast)
April 3 Chaitra Sud 9 Swaminarayan Jayanti Ramnavmi
April 5 Chaitra Sud 11 Kamda Ekadashi (Fast)
April 9 Chaitra Sud 15 Punam Hanumanjayanti
April 21 Chaitra Vad 11 Varuthini Ekãdashi (Fast)
May 3 Vaishakh Sud 9 Nom
May 5 Vaishakh Sud 11 Mohini Ekadashi (Fast)
May 9 Vaishakh Sud 15 Punam Budhajayanti
May 20 Vaishakh Vad 11 Apara Ekadashi (Fast)
June 1 Jeth Sud 9 Nom
June 3 Jeth Sud 11 Bhim Ekadashi (Fast)
June 7 Jeth Sud 15 Punam Vatsavitri Vrat Purn
June 19 Jeth Vad 11 Yogini Ekadashi (Fast)
June 30 Ashadh Sud 9 Nom
July 3 Ashadh Sud 11 Devshayani Ekadashi Nirjala Upva
July 7 Ashadh Sud 15 Guru Prunima Gaurivrat Samapt
July 18 Ashadh Vad 11 Kamika Ekadashi (Fast)
July 30 Shravan Sud 9 Nom
August 1 Shravan Sud 11 Putrada Ekadashi (Fast)
August 5 Shravan Sud 15 Raksha Bandhan Akshar Purnima
August 17 Shravan Vad 11 Aja Ekadashi (Fast)
August 28 Bhadarvo Sud 9 Nom
August 31 Bhadarvo Sud 11 Jaljhilni Ekadashi Vaman Jayanti
September 4 Bhadarvo Sud 15 Punam Praushthpadi Prnima
September 15 Bhadarvo Vad 11 Ekadashi(Fast) Dwadashi Shraddh
September 27 Aso Sud 9 Nom
September 30 Aso Sud 11 Pashankusha Ekadashi (Fast)
October 4 Aso Sud 15 Sharad Purnima Gunatit Pragatyot
October 14 Aso Vad 11 Rama Ekadashi (Fast) Govats Drad
October 27 Kartak Sud 9 Nom
October 29 Kartak Sud 11 Prabodhini Ekadashi Nirjala Upva
November 2 Kartak Sud 15 Punam, Dev Diwali Gurunanak Jaya
November 12 Kartak Vad 11 Uttpatti Ekadashi (Fast)
November 26 Magshar Sud 9 Nom
November 28 Magshar Sud 11 Mokshadã Ekãdashi (Fast), Gita J
December 2 Magshar Sud 15 Punam
December 12 Magshar Vad 11 Safala Ekadashi (fast)
December 26 Posh Sud 9 Nom
December 28 Posh Sud 11 Putrada Ekadashi (Fast)
December 31 Posh Sud 15 Poshi Purnima Gunatit Diksha Din