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Calendar | Annual Festivals | Nom, Ekadashi, Punam
Ekadashi is a sacred day, occuring twice a month in the Hindu calendar - on the eleventh day of the bright half - called Shukla Paksha and on the eleventh of the dark half called Vad Paksha (Padma Puran, Uttar Khand 36/5/80). A fast is to be observed on this day by all Hindus.

Story of Ekadashi
In Vachanamrut Gadhada II. 8. Bhagwan Swaminarayan has related the story of Ekadashi:
"Once Bhagwan Narayan was resting. A demon named Murdanav came and challenged Him to a duel. Suddenly a damsel appeared, evolved out of the Ekadash indriyas of God. [The ten indriyas (sense organs) comprise the five karma indriyas (mouth, hands, feet, anus and genital organs) and five gnan indriyas (eyes, ears, nose, skin and tongue). The ten indriyas along with the mind are collectively known as Ekadash indriyas.] Murdanav was so attracted to this damsel that he asked her to marry him. The damsel agreed, but only if he agreed to a duel with her, "Whoever shall defeat me shall marry me." Blinded by passion, he fought with her. The damsel killed him. Pleased with her, God granted her a boon. She asked, "O Prabhu! As I have manifested from your Ekadash indriyas, let my name be Ekadashi. I am wedded to tap (austerity) and I desire that people should observe the Ekadashi vrat (fast) and control their Ekadash indriyas on this day. Bhagwan Narayan agreed."
Ever since, Hindus fast on the eleventh day of sud (shukla) paksha and vad paksha of the month.

Ideal Ekadashi
In Vachanamrut Gadhada I, 38, Bhagwan Swaminarayan has elaborated that a true Ekadashi is when one withdraws the ten indriyas and eleventh - the mind, from their worldly 'foods' and focuses them on God and devotional activities. So moderation in daily leisure activities is desirable.

Ekadashi Observance
During Ekadashi, a waterless fast is ideal. However those unable to fast may take liquids, or if needed farari foods. Such fasting a Hindu tradition to please God, by controlling and curbing one's desires. Fasting once a fortnight eliminates the body's toxins and wastes. In turn this clears the mental apparatus, enhancing mental clarity and meditation. A clogged system leads to mood swings, malaise, laziness, lethargy and unhealthful oversleeping. Medical researchers do advocate fasting, on an average of once a week. Novices to fasting may initially experience headaches or/and nausea. These tend to clear up with regular fasting.
Farari foods include tubers (potatoes, sweet potatoes, cassava, carrots, turnips, suran - (a type of yam), dairy products, fruits, nuts, some vegetables (cabbage, cauliflower, tomatoes) and special type of grains (moraio, rajgaro). One can use all spices to prepare the farari foods i.e. salt, chilly powder, black pepper, turmeric, etc.

Nom, Ekadashi and Punam List, 2010 Vikram Samvat 2066-67
January 10 Posh Vad 11 Shattila Ekadashi Fast
January 24 Maha Sud 9 Nom
January 26 Maha Sud 11 Ekadashi Republic Day
January 30 Maha Sud 15 Punam Maghi Purnima
February 9 Maha Vad 11 Vijaya Ekadashi (Fast)
February 23 Fagan Sud 9 Nom
February 25 Fagan Sud 11 Amalki Ekadashi (Fast)
February 28 Fagan Sud 15 Pragjibhakti Jayanti Holi
March 11 Fagan Vad 11 Papmochani Ekadashi (Fast)
March 24 Chaitra Sud 9 Swaminarayan Jayanti Ramnavmi
March 26 Chaitra Sud 11 Kamda Ekadashi (Fast)
March 30 Chaitra Sud 15 Punam Hanumanjayanti
April 10 Chaitra Vad 11 Varuthini Ekãdashi (Fast)
April 23 Adhik_Vaishakh Sud 9 Nom
April 28 Adhik_Vaishakh Sud 15 Punam
May 10 Adhik_Vaishakh Kamla Ekadashi
May 22 Vaishakh Sud 9 Nom
May 27 Vaishakh Sud 15 Punam Budhajayanti
June 8 Vaishakh Vad 11 Apara Ekadashi (Fast)
June 20 Jeth Sud 9 Nom
June 22 Jeth Sud 11 Bhim Ekadashi (Fast)
June 26 Jeth Sud 15 Punam Chandra Grahan
July 8 Jeth Vad 11 Yogini Ekadashi (Fast)
July 19 Ashadh Sud 9 Nom
July 21 Ashadh Sud 11 Devshayani Ekadashi Gauri Vrat p
July 25 Ashadh Sud 15 Guru Purnima Gaurivrat Samapt
August 6 Ashadh Vad 11 Kamika Ekadashi (Fast)
August 18 Shravan Sud 9 Nom
August 20 Shravan Sud 11 Putrada Ekadashi (Fast)
August 24 Shravan Sud 15 Raksha Bandhan Akshar Purnima
September 5 Shravan Vad 11 Aja Ekadashi (Fast)
September 16 Bhadarvo Sud 9 Nom
September 19 Bhadarvo Sud 11 Ekadashi
September 23 Bhadarvo Sud 15 Punam
October 4 Bhadarvo Vad 11 Ekadashi(Fast) Yogiji Maharajnu
October 16 Aso Sud 9 Nom
October 18 Aso Sud 11 Pashankusha Ekadashi (Fast)
October 22 Aso Sud 15 Sharad Purnima Gunatit Pragatyot
November 2 Aso Vad 11 Rama Ekadashi (Fast)
November 15 Kartak Sud 9 Nom
November 17 Kartak Sud 11 Prabodhini Ekadashi Tulsi Vivah
November 21 Kartak Sud 15 Dev Diwali Gurunanak Jayanti, Tu
December 2 Kartak Vad 11 Uttpatti Ekadashi (Fast)
December 15 Magshar Sud 9 Nom
December 17 Magshar Sud 11 Mokshadã Ekãdashi (Fast), Gita J
December 21 Magshar Sud 15 Punam
December 31 Magshar Vad 11 Safala Ekadashi (fast)