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Calendar | Annual Festivals | Nom, Ekadashi, Punam
Ekadashi is a sacred day, occuring twice a month in the Hindu calendar - on the eleventh day of the bright half - called Shukla Paksha and on the eleventh of the dark half called Vad Paksha (Padma Puran, Uttar Khand 36/5/80). A fast is to be observed on this day by all Hindus.

Story of Ekadashi
In Vachanamrut Gadhada II. 8. Bhagwan Swaminarayan has related the story of Ekadashi:
"Once Bhagwan Narayan was resting. A demon named Murdanav came and challenged Him to a duel. Suddenly a damsel appeared, evolved out of the Ekadash indriyas of God. [The ten indriyas (sense organs) comprise the five karma indriyas (mouth, hands, feet, anus and genital organs) and five gnan indriyas (eyes, ears, nose, skin and tongue). The ten indriyas along with the mind are collectively known as Ekadash indriyas.] Murdanav was so attracted to this damsel that he asked her to marry him. The damsel agreed, but only if he agreed to a duel with her, "Whoever shall defeat me shall marry me." Blinded by passion, he fought with her. The damsel killed him. Pleased with her, God granted her a boon. She asked, "O Prabhu! As I have manifested from your Ekadash indriyas, let my name be Ekadashi. I am wedded to tap (austerity) and I desire that people should observe the Ekadashi vrat (fast) and control their Ekadash indriyas on this day. Bhagwan Narayan agreed."
Ever since, Hindus fast on the eleventh day of sud (shukla) paksha and vad paksha of the month.

Ideal Ekadashi
In Vachanamrut Gadhada I, 38, Bhagwan Swaminarayan has elaborated that a true Ekadashi is when one withdraws the ten indriyas and eleventh - the mind, from their worldly 'foods' and focuses them on God and devotional activities. So moderation in daily leisure activities is desirable.

Ekadashi Observance
During Ekadashi, a waterless fast is ideal. However those unable to fast may take liquids, or if needed farari foods. Such fasting a Hindu tradition to please God, by controlling and curbing one's desires. Fasting once a fortnight eliminates the body's toxins and wastes. In turn this clears the mental apparatus, enhancing mental clarity and meditation. A clogged system leads to mood swings, malaise, laziness, lethargy and unhealthful oversleeping. Medical researchers do advocate fasting, on an average of once a week. Novices to fasting may initially experience headaches or/and nausea. These tend to clear up with regular fasting.
Farari foods include tubers (potatoes, sweet potatoes, cassava, carrots, turnips, suran - (a type of yam), dairy products, fruits, nuts, some vegetables (cabbage, cauliflower, tomatoes) and special type of grains (moraio, rajgaro). One can use all spices to prepare the farari foods i.e. salt, chilly powder, black pepper, turmeric, etc.

Nom, Ekadashi and Punam List, 2010 Vikram Samvat 2067-68
January 16 Posh Sud 11 Putrada Ekadashi (Fast)
January 19 Posh Sud 15 Poshi Purnima Gunatit Diksha Din
January 29 Posh Vad 11 Shattila Ekadashi Fast
February 12 Maha Sud 9 Nom
February 14 Maha Sud 11 Jaya Ekadashi Fast
February 18 Maha Sud 15 Punam Maghi Purnima
February 28 Maha Vad 11 Vijaya Ekadashi (Fast)
March 14 Fagan Sud 9 Nom
March 16 Fagan Sud 11 Amalki Ekadashi (Fast)
March 19 Fagan Sud 15 Pragjibhakti Jayanti Holi
March 30 Fagan Vad 11 Papmochani Ekadashi (Fast)
April 12 Chaitra Sud 9 Swaminarayan Jayanti Ramnavmi
April 14 Chaitra Sud 11 Kamda Ekadashi (Fast)
April 18 Chaitra Sud 15 Punam Hanumanjayanti
April 28 Chaitra Vad 11 Varuthini Ekãdashi (Fast)
May 12 Vaishakh Sud 9 Nom
May 14 Vaishakh Sud 11 Mohini Ekadashi (Fast)
May 17 Vaishakh Sud 15 Punam Budhajayanti
May 28 Vaishakh Vad 11 Apara Ekadashi (Fast)
June 10 Jeth Sud 9 Nom
June 12 Jeth Sud 11 Bhim Ekadashi (Fast)
June 15 Jeth Sud 15 Punam Vatsavitri Vrat Purn
June 27 Jeth Vad 11 Yogini Ekadashi (Fast)
July 9 Ashadh Sud 9 Nom
July 11 Ashadh Sud 11 Devshayani Ekadashi Nirjala Upva
July 15 Ashadh Sud 15 Guru Purnima, Gaurivrat Samapt
July 26 Ashadh Vad 11 Kamika Ekadashi (Fast)
August 7 Shravan Sud 9 Nom
August 9 Shravan Sud 11 Putrada Ekadashi (Fast)
August 13 Shravan Sud 15 Raksha Bandhan Akshar Purnima
August 25 Shravan Vad 11 Aja Ekadashi (Fast)
September 6 Bhadarvo Sud 9 Nom
September 8 Bhadarvo Sud 11 Jaljhilni Ekadashi Vaman Jayanti
September 12 Bhadarvo Sud 15 Punam
September 24 Bhadarvo Vad 11 Indira Ekadashi(Fast) Dwadashi S
October 5 Aso Sud 9 Nom
October 7 Aso Sud 11 Pashankusha Ekadashi (Fast)
October 11 Aso Sud 15 Sharad Purnima Gunatit Pragatyot
October 23 Aso Vad 11 Rama Ekadashi (Fast) Govatsa Dwa
November 4 Kartak Sud 9 Nom
November 6 Kartak Sud 11 Prabodhini Ekadashi Nirjala Upva
November 10 Kartak Sud 15 Punam, Dev Diwali Gurunanak Jaya
November 21 Kartak Vad 11 Uttpatti Ekadashi (Fast)
December 3 Magshar Sud 9 Nom
December 6 Magshar Sud 11 Mokshadã Ekãdashi (Fast), Gita J
December 10 Magshar Sud 15 Punam
December 21 Magshar Vad 11 Safala Ekadashi (fast)